Nutrition and Food Science ; Macro- and micro-nutrient intake of adolescent Greek female volleyball players. Development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire in Spain.
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Int J Epidemiol ;22 3 Barcelona: McGraw-Hill-Interamericana; Nutrition in the sport practice: adaptation of the food guide pyramid to the characteristics of athletes diet. Arch Latinoam Nutr ;51 4 Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet ;16 1 Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids.
J Am Diet Assoc. Erratum in: J Am Diet Assoc ; 5 Sports nutrition: A guide for the professional working with active people. Chicago: American Dietetic Association; Iron status in female athletes participating in team ball-sports. Pak J Biol Sci Jan;13 2 Beals KA. Eating behaviors, nutritional status, and menstrual function in elite female adolescent volleyball players.
J Am Diet Assoc ; 9 Anderson DE. The impact of feedback on dietary intake and body composition of college women volleyball players over a competitive season. J Strength Cond Res ;24 8 Sport-specific nutrition: practical strategies for team sports. J Sports Sci. Joint Position Statement: nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Erratum in: Med Sci Sports Exerc ;33 1 Hassapidou MN, Manstrantoni A. Oct This technical note analyzes international experiences and practices of public technology extension service programs. Technology extension services comprise varied forms of assistance provided directly to enterprises to foster technological modernization and improvement, with a focus on established small and mid-sized enterprises.
The note discusses the definitions, rationales, and characteristics of selected technology extension service programs, drawing on examples from Europe, North America, and other regions. It presents four detailed case studies: the U. The case studies address several program elements including the history and evolution of the program, structure, program scale, financing structure, services and clients, governance, personnel, monitoring, and evaluation. The analysis highlights common and distinctive characteristics as well as program strengths, weaknesses, and key practices.
The note provides a framework for positioning technology extension services within the broader mix of policies for technology transfer, business upgrading, and innovation, and offers conclusions and insights to support efforts to strengthen technology extension services in Latin America. June Argentina and Brazil are world leaders in agriculture; they have expanded production massively recently and have pioneered the adoption of agricultural technology intensive inputs.
An important development question is thus: are these countries taking advantage of their position as agricultural leaders, to develop linkages with knowledge intensive providers. This paper explores this question based on the case of seeds innovation in Argentina and Brazil.
We focus mainly on the domestic firms that have been successful. The research suggests that there are important opportunities for the development of local innovation and capabilities and the creation of different trajectories of innovation, but also suggests that as firms become more advanced, the policy and business challenges become more significant.
Sep This paper analyzes and compares the determinants of innovation in the service industry and its impact on labor productivity at the firm level in three countries of Latin America Chile, Colombia, and Uruguay. Size was found to be a less relevant determinant of innovation in services than in manufacturing, suggesting that the need for infrastructure and associated sunk costs are lower in services. Conversely, cooperation was found to be far more important for innovation in services than in manufacturing, in line with the more interactive nature of innovation in services.
Yet, large differences in statistical significance and size of the coefficients of explanatory variables among the countries studied suggest that the framework conditions where a firm operates have an important role in innovation decisions. We believe we have a story that will inspire new ways of approaching international development. During the past five years, the Innovation Lab I-Lab , born out of the Division of Competiveness and Innovation CTI at the Inter-American Development Bank IDB , has been promoting innovative solutions that have developed directly with and for the excluded communities, people, who find themselves outside of markets and who are often marginalized.
The I-Lab has co-financed over 20 projects that have addressed the needs of the Excluded and have provided solutions that are truly sustainable, most of which have won international recognition and awards in innovation. For the I-Lab, while technology has been the vehicle and interdisciplinary collaboration has been the fuel, the addition of the excluded communities into the innovation process has been the key ingredient.
We are happy to share our experiences and lessons we have learned through this publication. Competing in the world economy does not automatically boost a nation's productivity and restructure its economy. Such progress requires mobilizing capital, employment, technology and knowledge. Opportunities beyond the business realm must be fully exploited to the benfit of society as a whole. The Report provides clear policy guidelines and priorities for both government and the private sector to foster competitiveness. It identifies each country's strengths and weaknesses and proposes strategies to increase productivity and improve access by businesses to productive resources.
Dec Nov A pesar que estos factores son importantes, no representan la historia en su totalidad. It provides new evidence on this topic for a developing country and also for firms in the services sector, areas in which existing evidence is limited. The findings for services industries are relevant because this sector in Latin America has a large productivity gap when compared to the sector in developed countries. The results show that ICT contributes positively to innovation and productivity in both the total sample and the services industry.
They also confirm that ICT investment increases productivity directly and not only through innovation, suggesting how hard is to disentangle the indirect and direct effects of ICT investment on productivity. Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Innovation. Ministerio de Industrias y Productividad.
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Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining. Noticias Loading Input-quality upgrading from trade liberalization: Evidence on firm product scope and employment effects Maria Bas, Caroline Paunov June The purpose of this paper is to test the presence of Matthew effects in different types of public funding for innovation — non-refundable grants, subsidized loans and tax credits. According to the literature, Matthew effect refers to the impact of past accessing to public funds on reputation, which increases the probability of accessing in the present.
Results confirm the existence of Matthew effects: past accessing to FONTAR increases the probability of accessing in the present, but only when different instruments are taken altogether. Then, Matthew effect is positively associated with the diversification of access to promotional instruments rather than the repeated access to one type of funding tool.
All of this suggests that once the firm enters the system of public funding, it remains with an active innovative behaviour, not just because of reputation effects, but because it has accumulated capabilities in the pursuit of a technological advantage. This paper proposes a framework for understanding key aspects of service innovation in developing economies, based on four dimensions: first, the integration of services in national innovation systems; second, competences and preferences; third, networking and cooperation; and, fourth, outcomes in terms of socio-economic impacts.
This conceptual framework is matched with new evidence from case studies performed in six different Latin America and the Caribbean countries Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Uruguay, Costa Rica and Jamaica and nine sectors tourism, software-ICT, outsourcing, mining, logistics, retail, creative services, sport services and biotech services. The results reveal the importance of specificities in service innovation and suggest policy and managerial implications. The effect of innovation activities on innovation outputs in the Brazilian industry: Market-orientation vs.
This research investigates innovation in Brazil, one of the largest emerging economies in Latin America. More specifically, we aim to understand how innovation activities conducted in Brazilian industrial sectors innovation input are related to and affect innovation results innovation output. The paper presents a quantitative analysis of a comprehensive nation-wide, government-sponsored innovation survey PINTEC , covering more than 30, companies and 34 industrial sectors.
Our results show that Brazilian industry tends to adopt two main opposite innovation strategies: market-orientation or technology-acquisition. On the other hand, a technology-acquisition strategy based on industrial machinery and equipment acquisition showed a negative effect on innovation output. Moreover, our results show that innovation efforts that concentrate investments on software acquisition also generate negative results on innovation outputs. Our results shed light on critical aspects of innovation in the Brazilian emergent economy that provide insights and contributions for both managers and policy makers.
Tax policy and the financing of innovation Luis A. Identification and monitoring of possible disruptive technologies by patent-development paths and topic modeling Abdolreza Momenia, , Katja Rost Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume , March , Pages 16— Understanding current technological changes is the basis for better forecasting of technological changes.
Because technology is path dependent, monitoring past and current trends of technological development helps managers and decision makers to identify probable future technologies in order to prevent organizational failure. This study suggests a method based on patent-development paths, k-core analysis and topic modeling of past and current trends of technological development to identify technologies that have the potential to become disruptive technologies.
We find that within the photovoltaic industry, thin-film technology is likely to replace the dominant technology, namely crystalline silicon. In addition, we identity the hidden technologies, namely multi-junction, dye-sensitized and concentration technologies, that have the potential to become disruptive technologies within the three main technologies of the photovoltaic industry. Addressing barriers to eco-innovation: Exploring the finance mobilisation functions of institutional innovation intermediaries Friedemann Polzin, Paschen von Flotow, Laurens Klerkx Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume , February , Pages 34— This research article explores the role of institutional innovation intermediaries in accelerating the commercialisation of clean technologies.
Drawing on the finance and innovation intermediaries literatures, we show that financial barriers to eco-innovation can be partly overcome by particular functions of institutional innovation intermediaries; this in turn mobilises private finance along the innovation process. Therefore, we empirically evaluate the roles and instruments of institutional innovation intermediaries innovation intermediation, policy support, public—private cooperation, financial instruments.
Our contribution intersects both the finance and the innovation systems literature by exploring the finance mobilisation functions of institutional innovation intermediaries to address barriers to eco-innovation along the innovation process. This paper documents the impacts of corruption on smaller- and larger-sized firms' adoption of quality certificates and patents.
Using firm-level data for 48 developing and emerging countries, I analyze whether corruption's impacts are stronger on firms operating in industries that use quality certificates and patents more intensively. My results show that corruption reduces the likelihood that firms in these industries obtain quality certificates. Corruption affects particularly smaller firms but has no impacts on exporters or foreign- and publicly-owned firms. While corruption does not reduce patenting, it lowers machinery investments for innovation.
By contrast, more reliable business environments foster firms' adoption of quality certificates. What affects sustainability and innovation — Hard or soft corporate identity? This research explored the effects of corporate identity on innovation strategies and sustainability. The study examined six aspects of corporate identity and four aspects of innovation strategies. In order to test our research model, application data was gathered through a survey of employees and managers of a leading furniture designer and manufacturer. Through factor analysis, two aspects of corporate identity were assessed: soft corporate identity and hard corporate identity.
Significant findings emerged via structural equation modeling. The data indicates that soft corporate identity affects market innovation and process innovation, while hard corporate identity influences organizational innovation, market innovation, process innovation, and product innovation. In addition, process innovation and product innovation are shown to influence corporate sustainability. The analysis demonstrates that sustainability is influenced by hard corporate identity.
The findings strongly suggest that organizations should develop innovative strategies for sustainable performance, particularly regarding hard corporate identity.
- 1. Introduction.
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Breitenecker, Veronika Gustafsson and Erich J. Entrepreneurship research lacks empirical evidence about interactions between entrepreneurial team members. This paper examines the role of trust cognitive and affective and conflict task and relationship on team performance effectiveness and efficiency of innovative entrepreneurial teams. Data originated from 88 incubator-based entrepreneurial teams in Austria.
Results indicate that cognitive trust is the cornerstone of innovative entrepreneurial team performance. To maximize efficiency, such teams would rely on high cognitive trust and low task conflict. Nonetheless, the guidelines for being effective centre around high cognitive trust coupled with low task and relationship conflict.
This study extends the open innovation theory and the knowledge-based view to explain how a firm's external knowledge resource acquisition influences its innovation deployment as well as its performance. Specifically, we argue that technology scouting plays an important role as an antecedent to collaboration with horizontal and vertical technology acquisitions. Furthermore, the horizontal technology collaboration and vertical technology collaboration play mediators in determining firm performance returns from executing such acquisitions.
Based on a large-scale survey of high-tech firms, the study finds that the ability to build well-developed external connection channels increases the efficacy of inbound open innovation in achieving superior performance. Institutional Voids or Organizational Resilience? This report looks at a variety of inclusive innovation initiatives and innovative products aimed at improving the welfare of lower-income and excluded groups, notably in terms of essential public services education, infrastructure and health.
It discusses the policy trade-offs between traditional innovation policies and a more inclusive innovation approach, and provides recommendations for aligning current policies. Researchers recently suggested that challenges in the form of adversities and constraints can actually promote individuals, teams and firms. However, it remains unclear how such challenges elicit positive innovation performance. Moreover, we still cannot distinguish between the conditions under which challenges enhance or hinder firm innovation performance.
In this paper, we review the literature on coping with a specific and central type of challenge — resource challenge, such as a lack of financial or human resources — and propose an underlying mechanism through which firms can benefit from resource challenges. The paper presents an integrative conceptual framework and looks at the key constructs that explain the effects of resource challenges on firm innovation performance. Further, it proposes two key strategies for coping with resource challenges: simplification-focus and compensation.
How do firms radically innovate with limited resources in high-turbulent environments? We examine this question via in-depth comparative case studies of ten start-up firms in diverse high-turbulent markets. Evidence shows that the perceived value of resources depends on two contextual factors: market type and business model type.
More interestingly, firms that see resource limitation as an enabler rather than an inhibitor seem to have a distinct capability that we call lean innovation capability. It is defined as a distinct capability that reflects a firm's ability to experiment with ideas that meet core customer needs by constantly iterating the initial offering with the purpose of validating the learning through continuous market feedback to achieve sustainable performance.
The three main qualities of these companies are 1 adopting abductive reasoning, 2 embracing a validity-driven approach, and 3 operating in the overlapping spaces of fundamental customer needs, business viability and technological feasibility.
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Lean firms adopt design-thinking methodology and act like bricoleurs, such as make-do by applying combinations of the available resources through rapid prototyping to new problems and opportunities in an experimental way. Briefly, lean innovation capability enables firms to manage limited resources by reconfiguring and reallocating existing resources, and, thereby, helps empower resource-limited radical innovation.
Technology foresight as a policy intelligence tool can offer vital inputs for policy-making in various domains. The relationship between foresight and policy-making has been presented in the literature by the policy-related functions of foresight, but the literature reflects a theoretical gap with the systematic evaluation model for the impact of foresight on policy-making. This research seeks to bridge the existing gap and uses the mixed method for this purpose. The mixed method approach used in this paper is the sequential exploratory design. First, the conceptual model is developed in the qualitative part of this research by using meta-synthesis and constant comparative method CCM of analysis.
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Second, in the quantitative part, quantitative tests are used to evaluate the dimensions and components of the developed theoretical model. The data collection tool is a questionnaire. The results confirm the proposed dimensions of the evaluation model. Innovation portfolio management IPM addresses the resource allocation across a firm's portfolio of new product development projects consistent with corporate strategy.
The paper provides a comprehensive review of IPM research and offers new conceptual arguments by systematizing prior findings in the following four categories: optimization perspective, strategic perspective, decision-making perspective and organizational perspective. These different approaches to IPM have been largely disconnected so far, but they can complement one another to provide new theoretical insights into a critical topic in innovation research.
The different approaches are therefore integrated into an overarching perspective and a detailed research agenda is proposed. A measure of technological capabilities for developing countries Nabaz T. The study was conducted to develop an index as a new measurement tool analyzing the innovativeness of developing countries. The role of science and technology in enhancing the rate of innovation is also investigated.
The index is estimated for 61 countries observed during — The countries are classified into three groups based on their innovation level.
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The highest rate of innovation was noticed in China, followed by Estonia and Malaysia. The lowest innovation rate was reported in Iran, Bangladesh, Tadzhikistan, and Cambodia. It is recommended that governments 1 to allocate significant share of their budgets to the factors that enhance technological capability such as the science education, gross education enrollment rate and internet connectivity, 2 to promote policies of national awards for scientists and researchers who make sound breakthroughs in science and technology, 3 to develop international relations in the social, economic, cultural, and scientific spheres, 4 to modify school curriculum and syllabus, so that higher emphasis is given to the creativity and spontaneity of the children, 5 to relax portion of corporate taxes for developing an innovative way of product and production processes, which are environmentally friendly and economically viable.
Finally, 6 the special focus must be given to the encouragement of local organizations to conduct the specialized training programs to promote innovation activities. Patents, which are regarded as important sources of innovation, are closely related to innovation strategies, and data from patent registrations are frequently used in innovation studies.
Generally, such studies collect patent information from a patent database and analyze it to identify innovation trends and strategies at the firm, industry, and national levels. Therefore, it is important not only to develop and apply a suitable analysis method, but also to select a patent database that is appropriate for such studies' research objectives.
But few previous studies on patent analysis have carefully examined the suitability of the databases they have used. For this purpose, all patents registered at each database over the three years — were extracted for cross-sectional analysis, and the number of annual patents registered in two patent classes, A61 and G06, during the last 20 years to , was collected for longitudinal analysis.