The size of these differences with respect to ocean tides is orders of magnitude higher than those relating to the water in your body. The proposed mechanism just could not work. Astrologers might object that even if an explanation in terms of tidal forces does not work, it is undeniable that all celestial bodies exert a gravitational pull on each other and that astrological effects are produced by gravity in some other, as yet unspecified, way. But again, this just does not work.
The gravitational pull on a newborn baby as a result of being held by its mother is greater than the gravitational pull on the baby from most celestial bodies. Attempts to explain astrological effects in terms of electromagnetic influences don't work either. The sun's electromagnetic activity can have effects on the Earth, such as the aurora borealis.
Massive solar flares have even been known to knock out power supplies. But many bodies of supposed astrological significance, such as the moon, Venus and Mars, have negligible magnetic fields. Astrologers also point to cycles in nature. From circadian rhythms relating to temperature and hormone levels to the widespread effects of the changing of the seasons, many biological processes follow such cycles. Their reality is indisputable, as is the reality of the astronomical cycles relating to celestial bodies — which astrologers rely on to cast their horoscopes — but there is no evidence that astrology can use the latter to describe someone's personality or make accurate predictions about future events on Earth.
Real scientists often draw analogies between phenomena in different areas. But they recognise that the existence of a superficial similarity between an established and a novel claim is never enough in itself to establish that the novel claim is true. They are careful to consider both the similarities and the differences between the claims. Kaia tells Sam that she thinks Jack is in "the other world" with their mother.
Asmodeus is able to trick Donatello into telling him what they are up to and places Donatello under his control to report to him. Donatello is able to find the spell on the tablet while Asmodeus prepares for the upcoming invasion by getting an Archangel Blade and Gabriel. In Good Intentions , the Winchesters and Castiel attempt to open a rift into the Apocalypse World using the spell Donatello translated, but learn that he has been corrupted by a combination of the power of the Demon Tablet and his soulless state. Castiel is able to strip the spell from Donatello's mind, leaving Donatello brain-dead.
Castiel expresses confidence that they are facing a war with Michael and must do whatever it takes to survive and win. In the Apocalypse World, it is revealed Jack has been captured by Michael who allows Zachariah to attempt to manipulate Jack's mind so that he will help them, but fails as the latter sees through the trick.
Jack is subsequently defeated and imprisoned by Michael who places him in a cell with Mary. Jack and Mary are able to escape from Michael's fortress as Michael sends his forces after them. The two escapees soon meet up with Bobby Singer who takes them in after learning of Mary's identity. Bobby takes them back to his colony where he reveals that the angels are waging a war of extermination upon the humans and are winning.
After locating Jack, the angels, led by Zachariah, attack. The humans and Jack are able to dispatch all of the attacking angels, including Zachariah and earning Jack acceptance for his help in the battle. After killing Zachariah, Jack recognizes that humanity in Apocalypse World is in danger of extinction and decides that the only way to truly save it is for Jack to kill Michael. In The Thing , the Winchesters succeed in gathering all of the ingredients to the ritual that will allow them to open a rift to Apocalypse World for twenty-four hours.
In Bring 'em Back Alive , Dean and Arthur arrive in a snowy forest in Apocalypse World and witness a group of angels executing human prisoners. To Dean's shock, amongst them is Charlie Bradbury who is a high-ranking member of the resistance that has been formed by Mary and Jack in the months since the Attack on the Human Colony. The Prison Camp Commander has Charlie taken to his camp for interrogation to discover information on the resistance. Witnessing this and still feeling guilt over the murder of his own Charlie Bradbury , Dean becomes intent on rescuing Charlie.
Following an encounter with a bounty hunter , Dean becomes poisoned, but is saved by Arthur who he is able to convince to help him.
Having learned the location of the Silo from the bounty hunter, Dean and Arthur launch an attack on the camp as Charlie is about to be executed. Armed with angel-killing bullets taken from the bounty hunter, the two men liberate the camp and rescue Charlie while killing all but the commander who flees. They saved two humans from vampires and are told where the human resistance was located and began to travel. On Earth, Lucifer broke free and was sent to Apocalypse World by Rowena, forcing the witch to prolong the rift's opening.
In Exodus , the Winchesters try to implore Mary and Jack to leave but they insisted on saving the world from Michael. Sam came up with the idea to transport everyone to the prime world until they came up with a way to defeat the Archangel. As the group were evacuating the humans from Apocalypse World through the rift , Michael made his entrance by killing many humans in his arrival.
Michael greeted his enemies as his appearance shocked them at finally seeing him, Lucifer stepped forward and attacked him but was promptly overpowered by a mocking Michael. Michael tried to approached the Winchesters and was surprised as he saw Gabriel. Gabriel told Sam and Dean to retreat as he engaged Michael who readied an Archangel Blades , the two fought and although Gabriel briefly held his own, Michael quickly beat Gabriel and killed him. Michael tried to go after the Winchesters as they retreated but to no avail.
Afterwards, Michael was seen talking with Lucifer as they were making a deal to get to the other world.
The Universe, Season 1 on iTunes
He was skeptical of Lucifer's trustworthiness but the latter told Michael of the ingredients for the ritual as he asked what he wanted. Lucifer wanted his son while Michael wanted everything else and questioned if they had a deal. Michael appears to leave his armies behind in favor of only going with Lucifer. Some fictional approaches definitively establish the independence of the parallel world, sometimes by having the world differ from the book's account; other approaches have works of fiction create and affect the parallel world: L.
Sprague de Camp 's Solomon's Stone , taking place on an astral plane, is populated by the daydreams of mundane people, and in Rebecca Lickiss 's Eccentric Circles , an elf is grateful to Tolkien for transforming elves from dainty little creatures. These stories often place the author, or authors in general, in the same position as Zelazny's characters in Amber. Questioning, in a literal fashion, if writing is an act of creating a new world, or an act of discovery of a pre-existing world.
Occasionally, this approach becomes self-referential, treating the literary universe of the work itself as explicitly parallel to the universe where the work was created. Stephen King 's seven-volume Dark Tower series hinges upon the existence of multiple parallel worlds, many of which are King's own literary creations. Ultimately the characters become aware that they are only "real" in King's literary universe this can be debated as an example of breaking the fourth wall , and even travel to a world — twice — in which again, within the novel they meet Stephen King and alter events in the real Stephen King's world outside of the books.
An early instance of this was in works by Gardner Fox for DC Comics in the s, in which characters from the Golden Age which was supposed to be a series of comic books within the DC Comics universe would cross over into the main DC Comics universe. One comic book did provide an explanation for a fictional universe existing as a parallel universe. The parallel world does "exist" and it resonates into the "real world. Robert Heinlein , in The Number of the Beast , quantizes the many parallel fictional universes - in terms of fictons.
A number of fictional universes are accessible along one of the three axes of time which Dr. Jacob Burroughs' "time twister" can access. Each quantum level change - a ficton - along this time axis corresponds to a different universe from one of several bodies of fiction known to all four travellers in the inter-universal, time travelling vehicle Gay Deceiver. Heinlein also " breaks the fourth wall " by having "both Heinleins" Robert and his wife Virginia visit an inter-universal science-fiction and fantasy convention in the book's last chapter. The convention was convened on Heinlein character Lazarus Long 's estate on the planet "Tertius" to attract the evil "Black Hats" who pursued the main characters of The Number of the Beast through space and time in order to destroy Dr.
Burroughs and his invention. Heinlein continues this literary conceit in The Cat Who Walks Through Walls and To Sail Beyond the Sunset , using characters from throughout his science-fictional career, hauled forth from their own "fictons" to unite in the war against the "Black Hats. Heinlein also wrote a stand-alone novel, Job: A Comedy of Justice , whose two protagonists fall from alternative universe into alternative universe often naked , and after a number of such adventures die and enter a stereotypically Fundamentalist Christian Heaven with many of its internal contradictions explored in the novel.
Their harrowing adventures through the universes are then revealed to have been "destruction testing" of their souls by Loki , sanctioned by the Creator person of the Christian God Yahweh. The Devil appears as the most sympathetic of the gods in the story, who expresses contempt for the other gods' cavalier treatment of the story's main characters. Thus, Job: A Comedy of Justice rings in the theological dimension if only for the purpose of satirizing evangelical Christianity of parallel universes, that their existence can be used by God or a number of gods, Loki seems to have made himself available to do Yahweh's dirty work in this novel.
Elfland , or Faerie, the otherworldly home not only of elves and fairies but goblins , trolls , and other folkloric creatures, has an ambiguous appearance in folklore. On one hand, the land often appears to be contiguous with 'ordinary' land. Thomas the Rhymer might, on being taken by the Queen of Faerie, be taken on a road like one leading to Heaven or Hell.
This is not exclusive to English or French folklore. In the sagas, it said that the people of this petty kingdom were more beautiful than other people, as they were related to the elves , showing that not only the territory was associated with elves, but also the race of its people. While sometimes folklore seems to show fairy intrusion into human lands — " Tam Lin " does not show any otherworldly aspects about the land in which the confrontation takes place — at other times the otherworldly aspects are clear.
Fantasy writers have taken up the ambiguity. Some writers depict the land of the elves as a full-blown parallel universe, with portals the only entry — as in Josepha Sherman 's Prince of the Sidhe series or Esther Friesner 's Elf Defense — and others have depicted it as the next land over, possibly difficult to reach for magical reasons — Hope Mirrlees 's Lud-in-the-Mist , or Lord Dunsany 's The King of Elfland's Daughter.
In some cases, the boundary between Elfland and more ordinary lands is not fixed. Not only the inhabitants but Faerie itself can pour into more mundane regions. Terry Pratchett 's Discworld series proposes that the world of the Elves is a "parasite" universe, that drifts between and latches onto others such as Discworld and our own world referred to as "Roundworld" in the novels.
In the young teenage book Mist by Kathryn James , the Elven world lies through a patch of mist in the woods. It was constructed when the Elven were thrown out of our world. Travel to and fro is possible by those in the know, but can have lethal consequences. Isekai , is a subgenre of Japanese fantasy light novels, manga, anime, and video games revolving around a normal person being transported to or trapped in a parallel universe. Often, this universe already exists in the protagonist's world as a fictional universe, but it may also be unbeknownst to them. The most famous treatment of the alternative universe concept in film could be considered The Wizard of Oz , which portrays a parallel world, famously separating the magical realm of the Land of Oz from the mundane world by filming it in Technicolor while filming the scenes set in Kansas in sepia.
At times, alternative universes have been featured in small scale independent productions such as Kevin Brownlow and Andrew Mollo's It Happened Here , featuring an alternative United Kingdom which had undergone Operation Sea Lion in and had been defeated and occupied by Nazi Germany. It focused on moral questions related to the professional ethics of Pauline, a nurse forced into Nazi collaboration. Another common use of the theme is as a prison for villains or demons.
- 150 (More) Story Starters Writing Prompts To Jump-Start Your Imagination.
- Please log in.
- Freespirit: At Last I Am Free to Be Me!
The idea is used in the first two Superman movies starring Christopher Reeve where Kryptonian villains were sentenced to the Phantom Zone from where they eventually escaped. An almost exactly parallel use of the idea is presented in the campy cult film The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension , where the "8th dimension" is essentially a "phantom zone" used to imprison the villainous Red Lectroids. Uses in horror films include the film From Beyond based on the H. Lovecraft story of the same name where a scientific experiment induces the experimenters to perceive aliens from a parallel universe, with bad results.
The John Carpenter film Prince of Darkness is based on the premise that the essence of a being described as Satan , trapped in a glass canister and found in an abandoned church in Los Angeles , is actually an alien being that is the 'son' of something even more evil and powerful, trapped in another universe. The protagonists accidentally free the creature, who then attempts to release his "father" by reaching in through a mirror. Some films present parallel realities that are actually different contrasting versions of the narrative itself.
Commonly this motif is presented as different points of view revolving around a central but sometimes unknowable "truth", the seminal example being Akira Kurosawa 's Rashomon.
Get In Touch
Conversely, often in film noir and crime dramas , the alternative narrative is a fiction created by a central character, intentionally — as in The Usual Suspects — or unintentionally — as in Angel Heart. Less often, the alternative narratives are given equal weight in the story, making them truly alternative universes, such as in the German film Run Lola Run , the short-lived British West End musical Our House and the British film Sliding Doors.
More recent films that have explicitly explored parallel universes are: the film The Family Man , the cult movie Donnie Darko , which deals with what it terms a "tangent universe" that erupts from our own universe; Super Mario Bros. The current Star Trek films are set in an alternative universe created by the first film's villain traveling back in time, thus allowing the franchise to be rebooted without affecting the continuity of any other Star Trek film or show. The science-fiction thriller Source Code employs the concepts of quantum reality and parallel universes.
The characters in The Cloverfield Paradox , the third installment of the franchise , accidentally create a ripple in the time-space continuum and travel into an alternate universe, where the monster and the events in the first film transpired.
The idea of parallel universes have received treatment in a number of television series, usually as a single story or episode in a more general science fiction or fantasy storyline. The s TV series Sliders depicts a group of adventurers visiting assorted parallel universes, as they attempt to find their "home" universe. Included in the 1st season is a universe where the world is stuck in the ice age, with no life anywhere. One of the earliest television plots to feature parallel time was a storyline on the soap opera Dark Shadows.
Vampire Barnabas Collins found a room in Collinwood which served as a portal to parallel time, and he entered the room in an attempt to escape from his current problems. A year later, the show again traveled to parallel time, the setting this time being A well known and often imitated example is the original Star Trek episode entitled " Mirror, Mirror ".
The episode introduced an alternative version of the Star Trek universe where the main characters were barbaric and cruel to the point of being evil. When the parallel universe concept is parodied , the allusion is often to this Star Trek episode. A previous episode for the Trek series first hinted at the potential of differing reality planes and their occupants , titled " The Alternative Factor ". A mad scientist from "our" universe, named Lazarus B. His counterpart, in a state of paranoia, claims the double threatens his and the very cosmos' existence.
With help from Captain Kirk , A traps B along with him in a "anti"-universe, for eternity, thus bringing balance to both matter oriented realms. The mirror universe of Star Trek was further developed by later series in the franchise. In several episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine , the later evolution of the mirror universe is explored. A two-part episode of Star Trek: Enterprise , entitled " In a Mirror, Darkly ", serves as a prequel , introducing the early developments of the Mirror Universe.
In the s young adult British SF series The Tomorrow People , its second-season episode, A Rift in Time March—April pitted the three telepath core characters and allies against time travelling interlopers from an alternative history where the Roman Empire developed the steam engine in the first century CE, had a technological headstart, did not fragment during the fifth century and underwent accelerated technological development. The Roman eagle standard was planted on the Moon in the fifth century and by its alternative twentieth century, it had mastered interstellar travel, had a galactic empire and time travel.
Consequently, the Tomorrow People had to rectify this aberrant timeline by dismantling and disabling the anomalous steam engine. Multiple episodes of Red Dwarf use the concept. In "Parallel Universe" the crew meet alternative versions of themselves: the analogues of Lister, Rimmer and Holly are female, while the Cat's alternative is a dog. The next episode, "Ouroboros", makes contact with a timeline in which Kochanski, rather than Lister, was the sole survivor of the original disaster; this alternative Kochanski then joins the crew for the remaining episodes. Buffy the Vampire Slayer experienced a Parallel universe where she was a mental patient in Normal Again and not really "The Slayer" at all.
- The Dreamchasers: A Yorkshire Romance?
- The Selling Game!
- Spiritual Expressions : Poetry That Ministers.
- Pandemic to a New Beginning.
- "The Day the Sky Exploded" (1958).
- The Wind Energy Myth: The Pros and Cons of Wind Turbine Energy and its Long Term Impact on Climate Change;
In the end, she has to choose between a universe where her mother and father are together and alive mother or one with her friends and sister in it where she has to fight for her life daily. Her core-universe allies Xander Harris and Willow Rosenberg had become vampires in that timeline. The plot of the season four episode of Charmed , entitled "Brain Drain", features The Source of All Evil kidnapping Piper Halliwell and forcing her into a deep coma, where she experiences an alternative reality in which the Halliwell manor is actually a mental institution.
She and her sisters serve as patients in this universe, their powers only a manifestation of their minds, a ruse put up to trick Piper into willingly relinquishing the sisters' magic. The animated series, Futurama , had an episode where the characters travel between "Universe 1" and "Universe A" via boxes containing each universe; and one of the major jokes is an extended argument between the two sets of characters over which set were the "evil" ones.
The show has gone on to feature the parallel universe prominently. In the season of Lost , the result of characters traveling back in time to prevent the crash of Oceanic Flight apparently creates a parallel reality in which the Flight never crashed, rather than resetting time itself in the characters' original timeline.
The show continued to show two "sets" of the characters following different destinies, until it was revealed in the series finale that there was really only one reality created by the characters themselves to assist themselves in leaving behind the physical world and passing on to an afterlife after their respective deaths. In the anime and manga series of Dragon Ball Z , in the Androids Saga, Future Trunks returns to the past to give Goku medicine to prevent him from dying of a heart disease and warns him of the Androids, in the process creating parallel realities, leading to the appearance of Cell, who killed the same Future Trunks from a different splitting timeline to come back to the main timeline when the Androids are still alive for him to absorb.
Its sequel, Dragon Ball Super , later features separate universes that are in pairs whose numbers add up to the total number of the universe: 13 in this case. Previously there were 18 universes, but Zen'o the supreme ruler of the Dragon Ball Multiverse destroyed 6 of them in a rage. Previously, Daizenshuu 7 stated that the typical Dragon Ball Universe had only 4 galaxies, but Dragon Ball Super effectively retcons this, where Whis says that the universe contains endless galaxies.
The anime Turn A Gundam attempted to combine all the parallel Gundam universes other incarnations of the series, with similar themes but differing stories and characters, that had played out at different times since the debut of the concept in the s of the metaseries into one single reality. The anime and manga series Eureka Seven: AO takes place in a parallel universe that is different from the one in the series' predecessor Eureka Seven. The E7 series started off in the year , and the AO world, which takes place in the year , would be the home of the two main characters' son.
The anime and manga series Katekyo Hitman Reborn! The anime Neon Genesis Evangelion features a parallel world in one of the final episodes. This parallel world is a sharp contrast to the harsh, dark "reality" of the show and presents a world where all the characters enjoy a much happier life. This parallel world would become the basis for the new Evangelion manga series Angelic Days. The anime series Bakugan features a parallel universe called Vestroia and is the homeworld of fantastic creatures called Bakugan.
The series' hero Dan Kuso alongside his friends and teammates must save Earth and Vestroia from total destruction. They go to another dimension or universe through a pathway. The other universe has also other life forms and other types of technology. In another anime series, Digimon , there is a parallel universe called "digital world". The show's child protagonists meet digital monsters, or digimon, from this world and become partners and friends. In the third story arc of Digimon Fusion , the Clockmaker who is later revealed to be Bagramon and his partner Clockmon travel through space-time to recruit heroes from previous series so they can help the Fusion Fighters to defeat Quartzmon before DigiQuartz can absorb each human and digital world in the multiverse.
In the anime series Umineko no Naku Koro ni the rounds of the battle between Battler and Beatrice take place in different dimensions, in order to show all kinds of possibilities much to Battler's dismay also the character Bernkastel is known for her ability to travel into different worlds by the usage of "fragments".
Worf traveled to several parallel universes when his shuttlecraft went through a time space fissure. The Community episode Remedial Chaos Theory , six different timelines and one "prime" timeline are explored, each having a different outcome based on which member of the study group goes to get the pizza. One timeline, dubbed the "Darkest Timeline", results in the greatest amount of terrible incidents and ends with Abed donning a felt goatee bearing resemblance to Spock's in "Mirror, Mirror". In the anime series of Fullmetal Alchemist , there exists a gateway that can be conjured by alchemists that acts as a source of all knowledge and energy; towards the end of the series, it is revealed that this gateway connects the world of the anime with the real world, set during the first decades of the 20th century.
It is revealed that the two worlds shared a common history until their histories diverged , apparently due to the success of alchemy in one world and that of modern physics in the other.
Sometimes a television series will use parallel universes as an ongoing subplot. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine , Star Trek: Enterprise and Star Trek: Discovery elaborated on the premise of the original series' "Mirror" universe and developed multi-episode story arcs based on the premise. Clark eventually becomes Superman, with help from the "original" Lois Lane, but he is immediately revealed as Clark Kent and so has no life of his own.
In addition to following Star Trek's lead, showing the "evil" variants of the main storyline gives the writers an opportunity to show what is at stake by portraying the worst that could happen and the consequences if the protagonists fail or the importance of a character's presence. Once Upon a Time often talks about alternative realms or universes in which all different forms of magic, and non-magic may occur, depending on the realm.
According to the Mad Hatter Sebastian Stan , they "touch each other in a long line of lands, each just as real as the last.
Parallel universes DO exist - and they interact, theory suggests
In the season 1 finale of The Flash , the Reverse-Flash opens a singularity that connects his world to a parallel universe called Earth In the second season, The Flash starts facing villains from that earth who also have doppelgangers on Prime Earth sent by Zoom. Light ; all are sent by Zoom to kill The Flash with the assurance of being taken back home.
However, they are not the only ones who arrive from the singularity; this also includes the Earth-2 Flash after a close death and loss of speed from a confrontation with Zoom. When The Flash starts having a hard time facing off against Sand Demon, he frees Jay so that he could help him as well as train him in his speed. With a new trick taught by Jay, Barry defeats Sand Demon. When Jay confronts and sees Wells again, the argument gets heated between them before Barry intercedes.
The "Alf Stewart Rape Dungeon" series, created by artist Mr Doodleburger, uses footage from the Australian TV drama show Home and Away , but through the use of clever overlaid audio tracks, casts one of the main characters of the show, long running character Alf Stewart as a vicious violent character in a parallel version of Home and Away. Parallel universes in modern comics have become particularly rich and complex, in large part due to the continual problem of continuity faced by the major two publishers, Marvel Comics and DC Comics.
The two publishers have used the multiverse concept to fix problems arising from integrating characters from other publishers into their own canon, and from having major serial protagonists having continuous histories lasting, as in the case of Superman , over 70 years.
Additionally, both publishers have used new alternative universes to re-imagine their own characters. DC Comics inaugurated its multiverse in the early s, with the reintroduction of Golden Age superheroes the Justice Society of America now located on Earth-Two , and devised a "mirror universe" scenario of inverted morality and supervillain domination of Earth-Three shortly afterwards, several years before Star Trek devised its own darker alternative universe.
There was a lull before DC inaugurated additional alternative universes in the seventies, such as Earth-X, where there was an Axis victory in World War II , Earth-S, home to the Fawcett Comics superheroes of the forties and fifties, such as Captain Marvel , and Earth-Prime, where superheroes only existed in fictional forms.
Therefore, comic books, in general, are one of the few entertainment mediums where the concept of parallel universes are a major and ongoing theme. DC in particular periodically revisits the idea in major crossover storylines, such as Crisis on Infinite Earths and Infinite Crisis , where Marvel has a series called What If